Pengaruh Retrofit Refrigeran CFC-12 Dengan HCR-12 Terhadap Kinerja Refrigerator Domestik dan Perawatannya

  • Isnanda Isnanda Teknik Mesin Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Yazmendra Rosa Teknik Mesin Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Elvis Adril Teknik Mesin Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Feidihal Feidihal Teknik Mesin Politeknik Negeri Padang
Keywords: Domestic refrigerator,Retrofit,Refrigerant,CFC-12,HCR-12

Abstract

In the recent years,almost every house, has domestic refrigerator wich still use CFC-12 refrigerant as the fluid.When the leakage happen, the  refrigerant causes the demage of ozon such as forming the ozon side then radiation of ultra violet from the sun ray in high intensity reach the surface on each directly and it is dangerous for the human life. The Hidrocarbon refrigerant (HCR-12) is considered as one of alternative, wich is environmentally friendly,more energy to save and without modification, to replace the CFC-12.This research compare the performance of household refrigerator using the CFC-12 refrigerant and HCR-12 without the modification  of refrigerator.The result shown from the COP, that the refrigerators work for both of  refrigerant is relatively the same and the quality of the ice product from HCR-12 is better than CFC-12, because the amount of the energy wich is absorbed by HCR-12 during  the evapouration process is bigger than CFC-12. Analyzing the amount of refrigerant weight fullfilled to refrigerator, HCR-12  only  uses  40 %  from CFC-12,If the price of both refrigerant is the same,the use of HCR-12 is profitible than the use of CFC-12

References

Arora, C.P, Refrigeration and Air Conditioner, Mc Graw - Hill International Editions Second Edition, 2001.

Arjianto, dkk. 2001. Pemanfaatan Liquifield Petrolium Gas (LPG) Sebagai Pengganti atau Pencampur Freon R-12 pada Mesin Pendingin. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang..

M. Guntur dkk . 2014. Frocogerator (Free Freon Cooler Refrigerator) Sebagai Inovasi Kulkas Penyimpan Buah Dan Sayuran Yang Ramah Lingkungan Berbasis Transfer Kalor Adsorben-Adsorbat Yang Low Power. Proceding electronic PIMNAS. Jakarta

Maulana, A. 2010. Penggunaan BPO (Bahan Perusak Ozon) di Provinsi Jakarta dari Sektor Refrigerator. APRAL. Jakarta

SNI - 06 - 6500 - 2000, Refrigeran Penggunaan pada Instalasi Tetap.

WF.Stoecker dan Jerold,W.J,1996, Refrigerasi dan Pengkondisian Udara, Edisi kedua. terjemahan Supratman Hara.Penerbit Erlangga. Jakarta.1987

Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Isnanda, I., Rosa, Y., Adril, E., & Feidihal, F. (2019). Pengaruh Retrofit Refrigeran CFC-12 Dengan HCR-12 Terhadap Kinerja Refrigerator Domestik dan Perawatannya. Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 12(2), 55-60. https://doi.org/10.30630/jtm.12.1.232

Most read articles by the same author(s)