Pengaruh Kemiringan Saluran Terhadap Fenomena Flooding Dengan Gangguan Pada Aliran Udara–Air Dan Udara–Minyak Tanah

  • Hendri Candra Mayana
Keywords: Flooding; Counter-current flow; Inclination; Obstacle

Abstract

Some equipments which are used in petroleum industries, chemical industries, steam power-plants and nuclear reactors must avoid the flooding phenomena in order to work at optimal condition. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of inclination and obstacle on flooding onset at counter-current  air-water and air-kerosene flows with  porous inlet and sharp outlet. The model of obstacle was conformed to industrial application i.e .pipe joining or pipe scaling.  Experimen

ts were conducted in a plexyglass pipe of 25.4 mm diameter and 2500 mm length of test section at annular flow pattern. The variation of inclination of ducts are 90o, 80o and 60o. The geometry of the obstacle is a ring with rectangular cross sectional which is  installed with a distance 600 mm or  1200 mm from the  inlet. The result of the research indicated that the effects of  inclination and obstacle of ducts are significant toward flooding onset. Flooding phenomena was indicated with drastic increase of pressure gradient above the liquid inlet. Flooding phenomena happened earlier of larger inclination of the ducts and nearer obstacle of the inlet. This phenomena also early happened at kerosene which have higher  viscosity and lower surface tension than water

Published
2019-06-16
How to Cite
Candra Mayana, H. (2019). Pengaruh Kemiringan Saluran Terhadap Fenomena Flooding Dengan Gangguan Pada Aliran Udara–Air Dan Udara–Minyak Tanah. Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 11(2), 37-42. https://doi.org/10.30630/jtm.11.2.163